Emergency Safety Intervention
A Family Guide to the Use of Emergency Safety
Interventions (Seclusion and Restraint) in Kansas.
What are Emergency Safety Interventions?
Emergency Safety Interventions (ESI) are seclusion and restraint that are used when the student presents a reasonable and immediate danger of physical harm to self or others.
What is Seclusion?
Seclusion means placement of a student in a location where all the following conditions are met:
- the student is placed in an enclosed area by school personnel;
- the student is purposefully isolated from other adults and peers; and,
- the student is prevented from leaving, or the student reasonably believes that such student will be prevented from leaving the enclosed area.
Time-out is not the same as seclusion. Time-out is when a student is temporarily removed from the learning activity, but is not confined.
What is Restraint?
Restraint can take form in different ways. The definition of physical restraint is bodily force used to substantially limit a student's movement. The use of prone physical restraint (face-down) and supine physical restraint (face-up) are prohibited. Physical restraint may not obstruct the airway of the student or impact the student's primary mode of communication.
Mechanical restraint is defined as any device or object used to limit a person's movement. The use of mechanical restraint is prohibited in Kansas except those protective or stabilizing devices ordered by a person appropriately licensed to issue the order for the device. Mechanical restraint used by law enforcement officer in carrying out law enforcement duties is allowed. Seatbelts and/or other safety equipment when used to secure students during transportation are also allowed.
Chemical restraint is prohibited in Kansas. A student may take prescribed treatments for a medical or psychiatric condition when they are prescribed by a person who is properly licensed to prescribe medication.
Consensual, solicited, or unintentional contact and contact to provide comfort, assisance, or instruction is not a physical restraint.
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